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NWS Area Weather Forecast Discussion
County Warning Area [CWA]: PSR
Regional NWS Weather Office: Phoenix, AZ

000
FXUS65 KPSR 171150
AFDPSR

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Phoenix AZ
450 AM MST Wed Jul 17 2019

.UPDATE...aviation discussion.

&&

.SYNOPSIS...
An increase in moisture today will lead to slightly cooler
conditions, but temperatures will remain above normal at least
into the weekend. Higher moisture levels will only allow for
storms across the eastern Arizona high terrain with the lower
deserts remaining dry through at least Saturday. The monsoon looks
to become much more active across the Desert Southwest by early
next week, likely leading to day to day thunderstorm chances
through much of the region.

&&

.DISCUSSION...
The subtropical high center is now situated over extreme
southeast Arizona and is allowing for a modest low level moisture
surge out of northern Mexico. Surface dew points have risen well
into the 60s across southwest Arizona and near 60 degrees through
much of the rest of southern Arizona. Despite the moisture surge,
flow around the high will largely keep much of Arizona under a
fairly dry mid and upper level southwesterly flow through Friday.
Moisture across southwest and south-central Arizona is fairly
shallow and will not be enough to support any convection today,
but moisture is shown to be deeper over southeast Arizona and
likely enough to support some late afternoon and evening storms.
Hi-res models generally show any thunderstorm activity today will
remain well to our southeast with only a slight chance of an
outflow reaching the lower deserts across Pinal County.

Temperatures today will start off quite warm, but the increase in
boundary layer moisture will keep highs mainly below 110 degrees
across the lower deserts. Even though highs will fall well short
of what we have seen the past couple days, the higher humidity
should make it feel almost as uncomfortable. The subtropical high
center will drift a bit to the northeast Thursday into Friday and
heights aloft will decrease enough to bring further cooling to
the area. This should lower daytime highs another degree or so,
but temperatures should remain slightly above normals. No
additional moisture surges are seen Thursday into Friday, so each
day will allow for boundary layer moisture to decrease as drier
air aloft mixes down. Afternoon surface dew points are forecast to
drop from the low to mid 50s today to the middle 40s Thursday and
lower 40s on Friday. This decrease in moisture will also lower
storm chances across the eastern Arizona high terrain, but at
least slight chances will remain across far eastern Arizona.

Models remain in good agreement that a significant pattern change
will be coming late in the weekend into next week. The
subtropical high is forecast to strengthen and shift northward
Sunday into Monday with the high center settling over the Four
Corners region. The first in what should be several inverted
troughs is shown reaching far southern Arizona on Saturday and
this will begin the significant moisture increase over the region.
Saturday still looks to be mainly dry over our area, but storm
coverage should be increasing across the high terrain of southeast
and east-central Arizona. Though moisture levels will likely
continue to increase on Sunday and likely spread across the
remainder of southern Arizona, very weak southeasterly steering
flow should keep most of the thunderstorm activity over the high
terrain. The lower deserts will likely have to rely on storm
outflow interactions for storm development on Sunday and this
should only result in a few isolated storms near the Phoenix area.

There is growing confidence next week may be quite active for
storm activity as the high center over the Four Corners region
strengthens and moist east-southeasterly flow across Arizona and
southern California increases. The GFS and European mostly agree
the bulk of the Desert Southwest will be under a favorable monsoon
flow for much of next week. Another positive sign is the mid and
upper level flow is shown to become fairly strong, likely leading
to more organized storm activity by the middle of next week. Day
to day temperatures next week should be near seasonal normals, but
will likely depend on the timing and extent of monsoon
thunderstorms and cloud cover.

&&

.AVIATION...Updated at 1150 UTC

South-Central Arizona including KPHX, KIWA, KSDL, and KDVT:

Winds will briefly transition to an easterly component before
veering towards the west by mid-morning. Speeds during this time
frame will generally remain below 10 kts. By mid-afternoon, expect
westerly winds to become elevated with sustained speeds between
10-15 kts and gusts between 20-25 kts. Storms initiating across
southeast Arizona this afternoon will have the potential to
produce outflows and blowing dust that could propagate towards
terminals. KIWA, being furtherest southeast, looks to have the
best odds. Otherwise, skies will remain mostly clear today before
upper-level clouds increase later this afternoon and evening.

Southeast California/Southwest Arizona including KIPL and KBLH:

At KBLH, winds will favor the south and become breezy by late
morning, with gusts mainly up to 10-25 kts. Gustiness will
diminish after sunset, but speeds will remain elevated overnight
(10-15 kts). At KIPL, winds will be light and favor the southeast
this morning before veering towards the west and becoming breezy
later this afternoon. Gusty conditions at KIPL will diminish after
midnight, with winds favoring the southwest.

Southwest flow aloft will continue to allow for smoke from a
nearby fire in northern Baja California to infiltrate over
southeast California and slantwise visibility concerns may become
an issue. Outside of any haziness, expect limited cloud cover
today.

Aviation Discussion not updated for amended TAFs.

&&

.FIRE WEATHER...
Friday through Tuesday:
Temperatures will remain seasonal, although still hot. RH values
will drop close to 15-20% during the day but with decent overnight
recovery. Moisture will favor a return of thunderstorms, first
(and mostly) along the higher terrain of central, southern and
eastern Arizona...but eventually with storm chances increasing for
the desert. Right now, Monday and Tuesday afternoons look to have
the best potential for possibly the most active day of storms yet
this summer. Otherwise, winds will follow typical diurnal
tendencies with afternoon breezes.

&&

.SPOTTER INFORMATION STATEMENT...
Spotters should follow standard reporting procedures.

&&

.PSR WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...
AZ...None.
CA...None.
&&

$$

DISCUSSION...Kuhlman
AVIATION...Hernandez
FIRE WEATHER...Deems

Forecast Discussion from: NOAA-NWS Script developed by: El Dorado Weather